Vocabulary

Chapter 1 (12 Words):

Chapter 1 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Earth Science

  2. Geology

  3. Oceanography

  4. Meteorology

  5. Astronomy

  6. Atmosphere

  7. Hydroshpere

  8. Geosphere

  9. Core

  10. Mantle

  11. Crust

  12. Biosphere

  13. Latitude

  14. Longitude

  15. Topographic Map

  16. Contour Line

  17. Contour Interval

  18. Hypothesis

  19. Theory

Chapter 2 (22 Words):

Chapter 2 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. element
  2. atomic number
  3. energy level
  4. isotope
  5. mass number
  6. compound
  7. chemical bond
  8. ion
  9. ionic compound
  10. covalent bond
  11. metallic bond
  12. mineral
  13. silicon-oxygen tetrahedron
  14. silicate
  15. streak
  16. luster
  17. crystal form
  18. hardness
  19. Mohs Scale
  20. cleavage
  21. fracture
  22. density

Chapter 3 (28 Words):

Chapter 3 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. rock

  2. rock cycle

  3. magma

  4. lava

  5. igneous rock

  6. weathering

  7. sediment

  8. sedimentary rock

  9. metamorphic rock

  10. intrusive igneous rock

  11. extrusive igneous rock

  12. texture

  13. granitic composition

  14. basaltic composition

  15. erosion

  16. deposition

  17. compaction

  18. cementation

  19. clastic sedimentary rock

  20. chemical sedimentary rock

  21. biochemical sedimentary rock

  22. metamorphism

  23. contact metamorphism

  24. regional metamorphism

  25. hydrothermal solution

  26. foliated metamorphic rock

  27. non-foliated metamorphic rock

  28. andesitic composition

Chapter 4 (13 Words):

Chapter 4 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Renewable Resources

  2. Nonrenewable Resources

  3. Fossil Fuel

  4. Ore

  5. Hydroelectric Power

  6. Geothermal Power

  7. Point Source Pollution

  8. Nonpoint Source Pollution

  9. Runoff

  10. Global Warming

  11. Conservation

  12. Compost

  13. Recycling

Chapter 5 (19 Words):

Chapter 5 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Mechanical Weathering

  2. Frost Wedging

  3. Talus

  4. Exfoliation

  5. Chemical Weathering

  6. Regolith

  7. Soil

  8. Soil Horizon

  9. Soil Profile

  10. Pedalfer

  11. Pedocal

  12. Laterite

  13. Mass Movement

  14. Rock fall

  15. Rockslide

  16. Slump

  17. Mudflow

  18. Earthflow

  19. Creep

Chapter 6 Vocab (29 Words):

 

Chapter 6 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Water Cycle

  2. Infiltration

  3. Stream Channel

  4. Gradient

  5. Discharge

  6. Tributary

  7. Meander

  8. Bed Load

  9. Capacity

  10. Delta

  11. Natural Levee

  12. Floodplain

  13. Flood

  14. Drainage Basin

  15. Divide

  16. Porosity

  17. Permeability

  18. Aquifer

  19. Zone of Saturation

  20. Groundwater

  21. Water Table

  22. Spring

  23. Geyser

  24. Well

  25. Artesian Well

  26. Cavern

  27. Travertine

  28. Karst Topography

  29. Sinkhole

Chapter 8 Vocab (23 Words):

Chapter 8 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Earthquake

  2. Fault

  3. Focus

  4. Seismic Waves

  5. Epicenter

  6. Elastic Rebound

  7. Aftershock

  8. P Wave

  9. S Wave

  10. Surface Wave

  11. Seismograph

  12. Seismogram

  13. Moment Magnitude

  14. Liquefaction

  15. Tsunami

  16. Seismic Gap

  17. Crust

  18. Mantle

  19. Lithosphere

  20. Asthenosphere

  21. Outer Core

  22. Inner Core

  23. Moho

Chapter 9 Vocab (20 Words):

Chapter 9 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Continental Drift

  2. Pangaea

  3. Sonar

  4. Deep-Ocean Trench

  5. Mid-Ocean Ridge

  6. Rift Valley

  7. Sea-Floor Spreading

  8. Subduction

  9. Paleomagnetism

  10. Plate

  11. Plate Tectonics

  12. Divergent Boundary

  13. Convergent Boundary

  14. Transform Fault Boundary

  15. Continental Volcanic Arc

  16. Volcanic Island Arc

  17. Convection Current

  18. Slab-pull

  19. Ridge-push

  20. Mantle Plume

Chapter 12:  Geologic Time (24 words)

Chapter 12 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Uniformitarianism

  2. Relative Dating

  3. Law of Superposition

  4. Principle of Original Horizontality

  5. Principle of Cross-cutting Relationships

  6. Unconformity

  7. Correlation

  8. Extinct

  9. Fossil

  10. Principle of Fossil Succession

  11. Index Fossil

  12. Evolution

  13. Natural Selection

  14. Adaptation

  15. Radioactivity

  16. Half-life

  17. Radiometric Dating

  18. Radiocarbon Dating

  19. Geologic Time Scale

  20. Eon

  21. Precambrian Time

  22. Era

  23. Period

  24. Epoch

Ch. 14:  Oceanography (13 words with pictures)

Chapter 14 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Bathymetry
  2. Submersible
  3. Continental Margin
  4. Continental Shelf
  5. Continental Slope
  6. Submarine Canyon
  7. Turbidity Current
  8. Continental Rise
  9. Ocean Basin Floor
  10. Abyssal Plain
  11. Seamount
  12. Mid-ocean Ridge
  13. Seafloor Spreading

 

Ch. 17:  Meteorology (19 words)

Chapter 17 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. ozone
  2. troposphere
  3. stratosphere
  4. mesosphere
  5. thermosphere
  6. summer solstice
  7. witner solstice
  8. autumnal equinox
  9. spring equinox
  10. heat
  11. temperature
  12. conduction
  13. convection
  14. radiation
  15. reflection
  16. scattering
  17. greenhouse effect
  18. albedo
  19. isotherm

 

Ch. 19:  Meteorology part II (17 words):

Chapter 19 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. air pressure
  2. barometer
  3. isobars
  4. pressure gradient
  5. Coriolis effect 
  6. jet stream
  7. cyclone
  8. anticyclone
  9. trade winds
  10. westerlies
  11. polar easterlies
  12. polar front
  13. monsoon
  14. prevailing wind
  15. anemometer
  16. El Nino
  17. La Nina

Chapter 22:  Origin of Modern Astronomy (21 words)

Chapter 22 Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Astronomy

  2. Geocentric

  3. Orbit

  4. Heliocentric

  5. Retrograde Motion

  6. Ellipse

  7. Astronomical Unit (AU)

  8. Rotation

  9. Revolution

  10. Precession

  11. Perihelion

  12. Aphelion

  13. Perigee

  14. Apogee

  15. Phases of the Moon

  16. Solar Eclipse

  17. Lunar Eclipse

  18. Crater

  19. Ray

  20. Mare

  21. Rille

  22. Lunar Regolith

Astronomy Vocabulary (23 Words):

Astronomy Flash Cards (Quizlet)

  1. Terrestrial planet
  2. Jovian planets
  3. Nebula
  4. Asteroids
  5. Comet
  6. Meteoroid
  7. Meteor
  8. Meteorite
  9. Doppler effect
  10. Refracting telescope
  11. Reflecting telescope
  12. Photosphere
  13. Chromosphere
  14. Corona
  15. Sunspot
  16. Nuclear fusion
  17. Galaxy
  18. Proto-star
  19. Binary star
  20. Black hole
  21. Pulsar
  22. Hubble’s law
  23. Big Bang Theory

 

 

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